Sprains are caused by a ligament tear or stretch. Sprain symptoms include inflammation, pain, swelling, and bruising of the injured area.
Strains are caused by a tendon or muscle injury. Strain symptoms include muscle weakness or spasms, inflammation, swelling, pain, and cramping of the injured area.
Marysville Foot & Ankle Clinic recommends wearing appropriate shoes, properly stretching, and warming up before performing physical activities to avoid sprains and strains.